Warcovers :: Up to 1914

Up to 1914

Campaign covers, Field Post Office

1854-6 Crimea   1861-7 Franco-Mexican   1880-1 First Boer   1911-2 Italo-Turkish
1856-60 Second Opium   1870-1 Franco-Prussian   1883-5 Chinese-French   1912-3 Balkan
1857-8 Indian Mutiny   1877-8 Russo-Turkish   1894-5 Chinese-Japanese   1899-1901 Second Boer
1861-5 American Civil   1878-80 Second Afghan   1898 Spanish-American   1900-1 Boxer Rebellion



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1825 entire 'Duporth' to HMS EURYALUS. Postage Not Paid / to London h/s.

1825 (May) entire from 'Duporth' to HMS EURYALUS with boxed 'Postage Not Paid / to London' h/s. [HMS Euryalus was a Royal Navy 36-gun Apollo-class frigate, which saw service in the Battle of Trafalgar] Euryalis rendered assistance to the American brig Charles and Ellen at the island of Milos and stayed for a week, lending some 70 to 80 men to the brig to effect repairs, a kindness acknowledged her Captain, P.R.Bing and two Boston insurance companies, by posting a notice in the National Intelligencer of 23 March 1825. After her return to England Euryalus was converted to a prison hulk for boys. Soiled. Ref: 287-055.

Price: £125.00
1825-26 entires Sir Christopher Hawkins to Lieutenant Roberts RN, St. Ives

1825-26 entires from Sir Christopher Hawkins to 'Lieutenant Roberts RN, St. Ives'. [Royal Navy] mss ... "About the petition and the Mines". Signed "Hawkins". Sir Christopher Hawkins, 1st Baronet, (29 May 1758 – 6 April 1829) was a Cornish landowner, mine-owner, Tory Member of Parliament, and patron of steam power. MP for several of his own Cornish boroughs - St Ives from 1821 to 1828. Hawkins’s new steward: Lieutenant Edward Roberts. Captain George Dunn, one of Halse’s agents, had committed perjury. mss ... "I have had another letter from Mr ?, to separate the two mines as he objects to the management and to the expense of the Consuls and altho there may be no specific charge again ? yet the mine has been carelessly managed and has turned in no profit and this is the criteria they avow I have & looked to - I have no opinion of the present management by Cafflo & Gleesay. His own proceeds give him up as a desultory man we must therefore have a head as Cafflo ? has no head for managing so as to make the mine productive. I think they admit in every mine ? to have the power & I now need to bring all & peg costs or list them …. and I don’t think it will be safe for us to undertake the ……. until you can compel costs downward. …… …..they will have a Deed for this purpose, I …l have not heard a word from Captain Dunn I propose to be at Tremearne the 13 and as Mr Oxley …. me before the meeting ….. regard? and …. to come to Tremearne the 14th Dec. I hereby give ….that my". Ref: 272-034.

Price: £65.00
1828 entire INDIA to GB. MADRAS SHIP LETTER p/m. per 'Genl. Palmer'.

1828 (July 19th.) entire from INDIA to GB with oval MADRAS SHIP LETTER p/m. and endorsed per 'Genl. Palmer'. Also boxed INDIA LETTER / PLYMOUTH h/s. Soldiers letter from 'David Balfour, Cadet Barracks' Madras. mss "After a very pleasant voyage of three months and twenty two days I arrived in Madras. With the exception of a fire one day after we left the Island of Madeira which happened in the sail room and the death of two soldiers nothing happened to damp the spoils of the party. Captain Blair the Captain of the ship said he had never heard of such fine weather in his life as we had met with. There were 48 passengers set down to dinner every day, 10 of them ladys. We had Mrs. Lushington, sister in law of the Governor and a Miss Stirling who has since married Sir John Holme, Major Farquasson of the Royal commanded on Lord Colonel Hugh Isasn of the 2nd. European Regt. and family also formed a part of an party, there were 10 Officers in his Majesties service and 12 Cadets ... But in the H.C Ship McQueen there was nothing but dispute. Capt. Walker the Capt. of the McQueen lodged complaints against Col. Sir Edmund Williams CB of his Majesties 41st. Regt. there was a court of enquiry ordered to be held upon Col. W. and now he is trying by Court Martial ..". [Madras July 2nd. 1828: The Honble East India Compys Ship "William Fairlie" Captain Thomas Blair arrived. Left Downs beginning of March. Fast sailing ship, Free trader "General Palmer", East India Company. Capt. Trusscott commander] Ref: 282-069.

Price: £120.00
1837 (Feb) Paymaster request St. LUCIA to London. '74th. Regt.'

1837 (Feb) Paymaster request from St. LUCIA to London. From 'Richard Davis Paymaster of the 74th. Regiment.' mss .. "forward directly to this place for the use of Officers of the Regiment Eight Hogsheads of their finest Old Madeira". [The 74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot in the 1830s and into the 1840s, was stationed in St. Lucia, Barbados and other islands in the West Indies] BWI. Ref: 273-029.

Price: £60.00
1841 entire + Proclamation. HMS "Revenge", Suda, Island of Candia' CRETE. Rebellion.

1841 entire and Proclamation from HMS "Revenge", Suda, Island of Candia' CRETE regarding a Rebellion. Britannia watermarked Memo from Capt Hon. William Waldegrave to John Townsend RN, Mate of HMS Revenge. Includes a Translation from Greek of the 'Soras Reiss Proclamation' by His Excellency Mustapha Pasha, Governor of Candia, dated 26th. March. [C ANSELL 1838 watermarked paper] Island of CANDIA issiued a proclimation, urging the Candiot Greeks who were in insurection, to lay dorn their arms. [HMS REVENGE: 8th. March 1841, The fleet sailed for Suda Bay, CRETE (a force landed to co-operate with local authorities to put down and expel insurgent) where the Cretan Greeks were in rebellion against the Ottoman Empire] Ref: 288-075.

Background: The suppression of the rebellion in Crete in 1841 was a real shock to many Greeks in Istanbul. More important, what was at stake was not Crete only but the existence of Greece as an independent country. Even before the rebellion in Crete broke out, in early 1841, these rumours were prevalent. Especially the high taxes which the Porte imposed on Greek merchants were seen by many as a provocation for Greece to declare war against the Ottoman Empire. Palaki, a Greek, said in his house in Be[ikta[: “We cannot be at ease, unless we fight the Ottomans. Such high taxes are unheard of… Our King is getting prepared. We are weak now… but the Great Powers will surely help us. Even the King of Bavaria, our King’s father, will help us”. And Dimitri, a Greek ship captain, complained that “We cannot pay 20 per cent customs tax, and it is unheard of. Even if we don’t have the power to declare war now, God is great. Blessings on France and Bavaria”. If a possible war between the Ottoman Empire and Greece did not seem imminent in the 1830s, now that the war against Mehmed Ali Pasha of Egypt was over and the rebellion in Crete was suppressed, for many in 1841, a war with Greece seemed inevitable. Widespread rumours began circulating in the Istanbul streets that Tahir Pasha, who was in charge of suppressing the rebellion in Crete, had requested 24 battleships and 100,000 troops to invade Greece, or that the Ottoman chief admiral was already on his way to Greece. The atmosphere was so agitated that many Greek residents and merchants of Istanbul seem to have been convinced that their shops would be closed down and they would soon be deported.

Price: £650.00
1843 entire IRELAND to 'The Earle of Haddington, First Lord of the Admiralty'

1843 (April) entire from IRELAND to 'The Earle of Haddington, First Lord of the Admiralty, London' regarding the death of seaman serving on HMS Herald, China - involved in the First Anglo-Chinese War. Mrs C. Burns requesting details of a will made by 'John Dumphey alias Murphy .. in the Military Hospital of Macoa in China and duly attested by Surgeon Allen and Mr Diamond'.

[John Dumphey, aged 44, Able Seaman belonged to HMS Herald; taken ill in Canton River; sick or hurt, intermittent fever quotidien; put on sick list 30 Aug. 1841, died 25 Oct. 1841]

Including written response drafted inside from The Earl. The original entire was from the Navy (Office of Inspectors of Seaman's Wills) dated Jan. 1843. [For margined SG8 1d. tied by very fine Cootehill Maltese Cross] The First Sino British War, or Opium War. HMS Herald was paid off at Chatham in May 1842. Ref: 272-077.

Price: £600.00
1847 entire INDIA to GB. 'A Rowland Major, Comm 2nd Troop Horse Artillery'

1847 (July) entire from KARACHI, INDIA to GB with oval INDIA h/s. Countersigned by. 'A Rowland Major, Comm 2nd Troop Horse Artillery'. From 'Edward Lucas'. Also circ. FAVERSHAM receipt p/m. [Oct] NB: Piece to rear missing and torn inside on fold. Ref: 285-113.

Price: £60.00
1853 outer GB to Australia 'per Sea Snake'. Migrant ship. ADELAIDE p/m.

1853 entire from GB to 'Mr Edwd. Montgomery Martin', South Australia endorsed 'per Sea Snake. 9 Nov 1853' with circ. GPO / ADELAIDE SA receipt p/m. [Feb 9 1954] Migrant Ship for South Australia:- SEA SNAKE arrived Port Adelaide, 09.02.1854. left Liverpool 10.11.1853 with Capt. Gilbert, C. Message inside from 'Mother Susanna Martin'. [Ann and Edward Montgomery Martin and their 7 children came to S. Australia in 1851 on the "Anglia", a three-masted barque. This migration was undertaken to escape the official discrimination in England against people of dissenting religions.] NB: Worm damage. Ref: 276-132.

Price: £75.00
1854 cover to 'Rear Admiral Hay' from 'Edward March 11th. about Peiping' CHINA

1854 (March) cover to 'Rear Admiral Hay' from 'Edward March 11th. about Peiping' - a former name of Beijing, CHINA. Also circ. LEAMINGTON receipt p/m. to rear. Edward Hay R.N. [Royal Navy] Youngest son of Rear Admiral James Hay. 30 Aug. 1852 made Lieutenant and on 22 March 1858 made Commander. [One of Shannon's Officers, Shannon's Naval Brigade: 2nd China War 1856-60] Ref: 288-045.

Price: £65.00
1855 cover CRIMEA to GB. POST OFFICE BRITISH ARMY p/m. 'Admiral Mundy'

1855 (Dec) cover from CRIMEA War to GB with circ. POST OFFICE / BRITISH ARMY p/m. to rear From 'Mundy, Shipley Hale, Sevastopol'. Embossed vignette of CARLISE to flap. [Admiral of the Fleet Sir (George) Rodney Mundy: Became commanding officer of the second-rate HMS NILE in July 1854 and in Sept. and Oct. 1855 Mundy commanded a detached force in Biorko Sound, which he secured against strong Russian forces] Ref: 285-130.

Price: £120.00
1857 (Aug) cover GB to 'Lt Col Gosling, Comg 10th Reg M.N.I., Rangoon'

1857 (Aug) cover and letter from GB to care of 'Lt Col Gosling, Comg. 10th. Regt. M.N.I., Rangoon, [BURMA] via Calcutta' [Madras Native Infantry] with d/r. CAL receipt p/m. (Oct). Post Paid 1/-. INDIAN MUTINY 1857-59. 10th Madras Native Infantry. From 1796 there was always a lieutenant colonel on strength, but as he often served away from the unit the list below shows the senior officer present, who actually commanded: 10th Madras Native Infantry: Lt Col Henry Charles Gosling (Maj Gen) c.1857 -1866. NB: Flap missing. Ref: 284-140.

Price: £120.00
1857 (Dec) entire INDIAN MUTINY to GB. Nr. Allahabad chasing mutineers

1857 (Dec) entire from the INDIAN MUTINY to GB with 1/2 Anna pr. tied by No. 51 diamond bar cancel and boxed INDIA UNPAID h/s. Also d/r. ALLAHABAD p/m. to rear. From "Thaosie, Nr. Allahabad". mss .. "I have been out in this expedition against the Mutineers. The first time they all bolted and we could not catch them. The second time we got up to them before they were ready for us and we (came) on them with guns and musketry before they could get out of the way - they however (retreated) and left the village in which they were and got into the jungle - We then had the usual hanging, beating and burning, and then returned to Allalabad". From 'Lt. John Jervois, Adj., Sikh Volunteers' addressed to his mother. Ref: 282-001.

Price: £450.00
1857 (Nov) cover + letter GB to care of 'Lt Col Gosling, Comg. 10th. Regt. M.N.I.

1857 (Nov) cover and letter from GB to care of 'Lt Col Gosling, Comg. 10th. Regt. M.N.I., Rangoon, [BURMA] via Calcutta' [Madras Native Infantry] with d/r. CAL receipt p/m. (Dec). Post Paid 9d. INDIAN MUTINY 1857-59. 10th Madras Native Infantry. From 1796 there was always a lieutenant colonel on strength, but as he often served away from the unit the list below shows the senior officer present, who actually commanded: 10th Madras Native Infantry: Lt Col Henry Charles Gosling (Maj Gen) c.1857 -1866. Ref: 277-070.

Price: £175.00
1857 cover + letter from 'Lord Panmure' Secretary of State for War

1857 (Dec) cover and letter from 'Lord Panmure' Secretary of State for War to 'Charles Cowan, MP' with circ. PAID p/m. [Lord Panmure: Early 1855, he joined Lord Palmerston's cabinet, filling the new office of Secretary of State for War. Lord Panmure held this office until February 1858. He was at the War Office during the concluding period of the Crimean War, and met a good deal of criticism] Ref: 287-128.

Price: £35.00
1857 cover HONG KONG to GB. Abraham Lennox Crimea VC holder

1857 cover from HONG KONG to 'Lady Arthur Lennox', GB and initialled in corner 'AL': Abraham Lennox. Also endorsed "Hong Kong 24th. Aug. '57"and s/r. 3rd. Nov. 1857 receipt p/m. to rear.

OVERSEAS INVESTITURE OF THE VC in HONG KONG by GOC Hong Kong, Lieutenant General T. Ashburton to Lieutenant Abraham LENNOX, Royal Engineers.

[Lt. Col. Wilbraham Oates Lennox (1830-1897), was awarded the Victoria Cross for his valour at the siege of Sebastopol]. He was the fourth son of Lieut.-Col. Lord George Lennox (1793-1873), brother of Lord Arthur Lennox. The cover was to his wife 'Lady Arthur Lennox'.

[He joined the Royal Engineers as a 2nd lieutenant on 27 June 1848. He landed in the Crimea on 30 September 1854 and served there with the army until it reembarked in June 1856. He was present throughout the seige and capture of Sebestopol, gaining the VICTORIA CROSS** for valour during the capture of some rifle pits. He subsequently served in India during the Mutiny and was present at the relief of Lucknow. Ref: 286-082.

Price: £450.00
1857 part entire GB to SWEDEN. Harriet Grote to 'Madame Nils von Koch'

1857 part entire from GB to SWEDEN. From Harriet Grote [nee Lewin, author and wife of George Grote, historian of Greece and radical] to 'Madame Nils von Koch' [sister Francis Lewin, wife of Nils Samuel von Koch, Swedish Justice Minister] Interesting contents incl. "G(orge) has been offered 3 seats [Parliament] if he would but stand, but he is firm in his resl(ution) to stick to Plato & Co". Ref: 272-055.

Price: £20.00
1858 cover GB to 'HM 97th. Regiment, Lucknow, India. Indian Mutiny

1858 (8th. May) cover from GB to 'Captain, HM 97th. Regiment, Lucknow, India with d/r. LUCKNOW receipt p/m. [15th. June]. April 1858 they joined the British forces that lifted the SIEGE of Lucknow. The regiment subsequently took part in minor operations at Fort Nusrutpore, Chanda, Umeerpore and Sultanpore. Indian Mutiny. Three-colour franking. Part flap missing. Ref: 275-087.

Price: £175.00
1859 cover GB to 'Capt. Rickalds, Commandant Mahairwarra, India'

1859 (Sept) cover [6d. RATE] GB to 'Capt. Rickalds, Commandant Mahairwarra, Local Battalion, Beaur, India' with s/r. INDORE receipt p/m. Ref: 275-117.

Price: £45.00
1863 cover GB to 'Lt Col Dickinson, Royal Engineers, Bombay' India

1863 cover from GB to 'Lt Col Dickinson, Royal Engineers, Bombay' India with GLOS 757 p/m. [10d. RATE: 2 x 2d. blue (plate 9) and 6d. (plate 3)] Ref: 286-133.

Price: £85.00
1863 cover IRELAND to England. CURRAGH CAMP 445 Duplex p/m.

1863 (Nov) cover from IRELAND to England with CURRAGH CAMP 445 Duplex p/m. Permanent Camp in Curragh in Co. Kildare sought in 1864. Ref: 276-029.

Price: £15.00