Warcovers :: Up to 1914

Up to 1914

Campaign covers, Field Post Office

1854-6 Crimea   1861-7 Franco-Mexican   1880-1 First Boer   1911-2 Italo-Turkish
1856-60 Second Opium   1870-1 Franco-Prussian   1883-5 Chinese-French   1912-3 Balkan
1857-8 Indian Mutiny   1877-8 Russo-Turkish   1894-5 Chinese-Japanese   1899-1901 Second Boer
1861-5 American Civil   1878-80 Second Afghan   1898 Spanish-American   1900-1 Boxer Rebellion

 

Items

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1879 (Dec.) cover + letter S. AFRICA to GB. CAPE TOWN p/m. 91st. Highlanders

1879 (Dec.) cover and letter from S. AFRICA to GB with CAPE TOWN p/m. In Cape Town after Zululand. The Anglo-Zulu War (11 Jan.28 Aug. 1879) From '[Lieutenant (Captain) W.R.H. Crauford of the 91st Highlanders' was present at the battle of Gingindlovu, the relief of Eshowe, and commanded the convoys of the column during the advance of Crealock's Division to Port Durnford. [William Reginald Houison Crauford: 1879 ZULU WAR CAMPAIGN MEDAL. South Africa Medal 1877-79 with clasp '1879']. Ref: 312-055.


Price: £120.00
1900 (Aug) uprated ps PC BOER War to New Zealand. APO 45 / S. AFRICA p/m.

1900 (Aug) uprated ps PC from the BOER War to New Zealand with s/r. APO 45 / S. AFRICA p/m. Also attractive WELLINGTON slogan receipt p/m. From 'A Nevill Haynes, Copl'. Mixed franking. [First overseas conflict to involve New Zealand troops. New Zealand contingent] Ref: 316-002.


Price: £145.00
1857 (Nov) cover + letter GB to care of 'Lt Col Gosling, Comg. 10th. Regt. M.N.I.

1857 (Nov) cover and letter from GB to care of 'Lt Col Gosling, Comg. 10th. Regt. M.N.I., Rangoon, [BURMA] via Calcutta' [Madras Native Infantry] with d/r. CAL receipt p/m. (Dec). Post Paid 9d. INDIAN MUTINY 1857-59. 10th Madras Native Infantry. From 1796 there was always a lieutenant colonel on strength, but as he often served away from the unit the list below shows the senior officer present, who actually commanded: 10th Madras Native Infantry: Lt Col Henry Charles Gosling (Maj Gen) c.1857 -1866. Ref: 312-145.


Price: £150.00
1858 cover GB to 'HM 97th. Regiment, Lucknow, India. Indian Mutiny

1858 (8th. May) cover from GB to 'Captain, HM 97th. Regiment, Lucknow, India with d/r. LUCKNOW receipt p/m. [15th. June]. April 1858 they joined the British forces that lifted the SIEGE of Lucknow. The regiment subsequently took part in minor operations at Fort Nusrutpore, Chanda, Umeerpore and Sultanpore. Indian Mutiny. Three-colour franking. Part flap missing. Ref: 311-121.


Price: £150.00
1879 (Oct) cover + letter S. AFRICA to GB. CAPE TOWN p/m. "after Zululand".

1879 (Oct) cover and letter from S. AFRICA to GB with CAPE TOWN p/m. In Cape Town "after Zululand". The Anglo-Zulu War (11 Jan.28 Aug. 1879) From '[Lieutenant (Captain) W.R.H. Crauford of the 91st Highlanders' was present at the battle of Gingindlovu, the relief of Eshowe, and commanded the convoys of the column during the advance of Crealock's Division to Port Durnford. [William Reginald Houison Crauford: 1879 ZULU WAR CAMPAIGN MEDAL. South Africa Medal 1877-79 with clasp '1879'] mss .. "no end of work to do .. A great many prisoners for one thing". Typed transcript of letter. Ref: 308-074.


Price: £150.00
1880 (7th. Dec) cover + letter S. AFRICA to GB. lead up to 1st. BOER WAR 16th. Dec.

1880 (7th. Dec) cover and letter from South AFRICA to GB with CAPE TOWN p/m. Lead up to 1st. BOER WAR starting 16th. Dec. 1880. mss .. "The 58th. wont be here for a little while & now the Boers seem to be giving trouble it may be some time longer. The Basutos continue fighting with little result on either side, but the reinforcements should decide matters".
[On 11 Nov. 1880, a hundred armed Boers disrupted an auction, for refusing to pay an illegally inflated tax and assaulted the presiding sheriff. The first shots of the war were fired when this group fought back against government troops who were sent after them. After the Transvaal formally declared independence from the United Kingdom, the war began on 16 Dec. 1880]
From '[Lieutenant (Captain) W.R.H. Crauford of the 91st Highlanders' was present at the battle of Gingindlovu, the relief of Eshowe, and commanded the convoys of the column during the advance of Crealock's Division to Port Durnford. [William Reginald Houison Crauford: 1879 ZULU WAR CAMPAIGN MEDAL. South Africa Medal 1877-79 with clasp '1879'] Ref: 314-060.


Price: £150.00
1902 cover INDIA to 'Captain JS Corlett, 15th. Bengal Lancers, S. African Field Force'

1902 cover from INDIA to 'Captain JS Corlett, 15th. Bengal Lancers, S. African Field Force' and redirected to '50th. Squad, Imperial Yeomanry, Road 41, Kroonstad'. Indian Contingent. Various transit p/m's. to rear. Worn edges. Ref: 305-049.


Price: £150.00
1908 cover + note SOUTH POLE to New Zealand. (HMS) "Nimrod"

1908 cover and note 'from the neighbourhood of the SOUTH POLE' to New Zealand with s/r. BRIT. ANTARCTIC EXPD. p/m. canc. 1d. adhesive with KING EDWARD VII LAND o/p. Note endorsed " 31 Dec. 1907 via South Pole per (HMS) "Nimrod". Also WELLINGTON receipt m/c. to rear [8th March 1908] Ref: 316-110.


Price: £150.00
1855 (June) cover from GB to CRIMEA. 'Capt. Charles E. Mansfield ADC, Crimea'

1855 (June) cover from GB to 'Capt. Charles E. Mansfield ADC, care of Lieut. General Sir Colin Campbell K.C.B, Crimea'. [Lieutenant Charles Edward Mansfield Joined the army in 1848 as an ensign in the 33rd Regiment of Foot. He became a lieutenant in 1831. He was aide-de-camp to Sir Colin Campbell during the Crimean War, was present at the battles of Alma and Balaclava in Sept. and Oct. 1854, was mentioned in dispatches and promoted to captain in Dec. 1854. He was present in the trenches at the attack and fall of Sevastopol in 1855 and was again mentioned in dispatches] Also cigarette card of Sir Colin Campbell. Ref: 307-045.


Price: £175.00
1900 (Dec.) cover + letter BOXER Rebellion to GB. FPO 5 p/m.

1900 (16th Dec.) cover and letter from the BOXER Rebellion to 'Craufurdland Castle' with d/r. Indian FPO 5 p/m. canc. ONE ANNA with 'CEF' o/p. [Chinese Expeditionary Force] Excellent historic letter from Shanghai by Capt. Archibald Houison-Craufurd. 7 Bo. I. Dy. Asst. Adjt. Genl. 2nd Infantry Brigade. mss .. "I was lunching today with some people called Harding he is something in Customs Service. Last night I dined at the Astor House Hotel, where the German Admirals ships band played during and after dinner. The dinner was given by Major Watson and was to have been in honour Mrs Creagh our Generals wife who came up by the last mail could not come .. the party was only Stewart, myself & Capt. Cradock of HMS Alacrity the Admirals Despatch vessel .. about 200 people there of all nationalities. The night before I was dining at the Germans Mess and had a pleasant evening. They didn't make me drink too many malts. The German officers are wonderfully nice to me. Their Colonel - Graf Schleppen-bach is very English, having had an English mother". 1906 'Craufurdland Castle' PPC. Ref: 307-108.


Price: £175.00
1899 cover SUDAN to 'General Sir E. Collen KCIE, Simla, India'. OMDURMAN p/m.

1899 (July) cover from SUDAN to 'General Sir E. Collen KCIE, Simla, India' with s/r. OMDURMAN p/m. canc. 1 Piastre adhesive [Officers RATE] Known correspondence from 'R.F. Meiklejohn'. MAHDIST War 1881-1899. Lt. Ronald Forbes Meiklejohn [1/R. War. R.] took part in the battles of the Atbara, Khartoum and Omdurman. The Battle of Umm Diwaykarat on Nov. 25, 1899 marked the final defeat of the Mahdist state in Sudan, when Anglo-Egyptian forces under the command of Lord Kitchener defeated what was left of the Mahdist armies. Ref: 315-012.


Price: £190.00
1795 entire 'Captain Bower, "Earl How" East Indiaman'. account HMS BOYNE blew up

1795 (1st. May) entire from 'Captain Bower on board "Earl How" East Indiaman'. mss "some of her shot struck our Ship". Letter transcribed giving eye witness account how HMS BOYNE caught fire and blew up. The Royal Marines of the vessel were practicing firing exercises. [The death toll on Boyne was only eleven men. Because the guns were always left loaded, the cannons began to 'cook off', firing shots at potential rescuers making their way to the ship, resulting in the deaths of two seamen and the injury of another aboard Queen Charlotte, anchored nearby] Ref: 315-047.


Price: £200.00
1902 (May) cover BOER WAR to GB. '1st. NZ Brigade'. NEW ZEALAND Contingent

1902 (May) cover from the BOER WAR to GB with d/r. ARMY POST OFFICE / POTCHEFSTROOM p/m. From 'Trooper W. Southern, 5256. 1st. NZ Brigade'. [Trooper William Southern, NZ North Island Regiment, B Squadron, 8th. Contingent embarked from North Island on SS "SURREY" on 1st. Feb. 1902] Late NEW ZEALAND Contingent. Ref: 315-044.


Price: £200.00
1855 cover + letter GB to 'Captain R. Portal, 4th. Light Dragoons, CRIMEA'

1855 (Aug.) cover and letter from GB to 'Captain R. Portal, 4th. Light Dragoons, British Army, CRIMEA' with strip of 3 x 1d adhesives. Capt. Robert Portal took part in the charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava on 25th. Oct. 1854. He survived having his horse shot beneath him. As ADC to Lord George Paget he was present at the Battles of Alma, Inkerman, Tchernaya and the Siege of Sebastopol. Letter received 30th. Aug. just before the fall of Sebastopol on 8th. Sept. One of the Six Hundred (Captain Robert Portal) Ref: 309-028.


Price: £225.00
1890 uprated 'Uniform Penny Postage' cover GB to 'HMS Orlando, Australia'

1890 (2nd. July) uprated 'Uniform Penny Postage' cover and insert from GB to 'Capt. W. J. Eastman RMA, HMS Orlando, Australia'. Royal Marine Artillery. Penny Postage Jubilee / South Kensington p/m. [HMS Orlando 1886: Cruiser 1st Class, Armoured 1890 Flag Ship Australia Station. Includes officers borne for duties with stores at Sydney and the Victorian Naval Defence Force] Ref: 307-084.


Price: £250.00
1904 PPC GB to 'HMS "Sphinx", Persian Gulf' redirected to 'Lapwing'

1904 (June) PPC from GB to 'Mr H Phillips SBA, HMS "Sphinx", Persian Gulf' and redirected to 'Lapwing, Karachai' with s/r. MUSCAT and KARACHI p/m's.

Gunboat diplomacy: At the turn of the century the Royal Navy maintained control of the Persian Gulf with three patrol ships, only one of which - HMS Lapwing [small gunboat]- was on permanent duty. 1904 was the year of the massive Persian oil strike in neighbouring Abadan. [SBA: Sick Berth Attendant, Royal Navy] Ref: 311-114.


Price: £275.00
1911 Times of India. 'GULF ARMS TRAFFIC. The Fighting at Dabai' KOWIT

1911 Extract from the Times of India, Jan. 21st 1911: 'GULF ARMS TRAFFIC. The Fighting at Dabai'. Refers to MUSCAT and KOWIT. {Kuwait} Lieutenant Noakes was with the search party in the skirmish at DABAI, Persian Gulf and his conduct was favorably noted by the Admiralty. [Cyril John laugham Noakes RN] Includes a list of 6 British Casualties and 10 wounded. The Arabs lost at least 37 men. [THE DUBAI INCIDENT, 1910: A GUN BATTLE THAT DAMAGED BRITISH RELATIONS WITH THE TRUCIAL COAST] 210 x 350mm. Creased and faults. Ref: 318-154.


Price: £350.00
1911 cover CHINA to GB. Indian FPO No. 1 p/m. Report on MONGOLIA

1911 (15th. Sept) cover and letter from CHINA to GB endorsed 'Via Siberia' with d/r. Indian FPO No. 1 p/m. with CEF o/p. to One Anna adhesives. Chinese Expeditionary Force. To: RMB Otter-Barry Esq. September 11th. 1911. Peking Legations.
My dearest Father, The attach has recommended me to stay on & forwarded on my report on Mongolia. In the covering letter of the latter he again recommended me to stay on, saying I deserve credit for it, and the Minister here endorsed his recommendation. He seems very pleased with my report, and so they ought to be as it cost me 60 and nearly 4 months toil altogether. Phoebe and I went for a Saturday to Monday picnic in the hills 27 miles away last weekend - with the Russian Minister, his daughter, a Russian officer and another Russian lady Perry-Ayscough and a man called George. It was very jolly. P rode with me and the pony strained for her, I thoroughly enjoyed myself and also my talk with the Russian Minister which rather opened my eyes about the Chinese Russian question. They look upon Mongolia as a buffer state & say it is really under Mongolian Rule, which is as a matter of fact a "lie" as it is ruled purely by Chinese officials and Mongolian Princes have no authority whatsoever. 

WITH THE RUSSIANS IN MONGOLIA: Perry-Ayscough of the Chinese Postal Service, FRGS, and Capt. Otter-Barry (B. 1879) of the Royal Sussex Regiment, FRGS, [Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society] travelled through Mongolia at different times, the latter in 1911, just before the Chinese Revolution.

Ref: 306-090.


Price: £475.00
1816 entire GIBRALTAR to 'Andrew Phair, New Brunswick'. Bombardment of Algiers

1816 (Aug. 15th) entire from GIBRALTAR to 'Andrew Phair, New Brunswick, North America' with circ. HALIFAX receipt p/m. (2nd. Nov.) Message refers to the Bombardment of Algiers on the 27th. Aug. 1816. 'BUGDEN & WILMOET / 1912' watermarked paper.
mss "Gibraltar Aug. 15th. 1816. Dear Sally,
Lord Exmouths fleet arrived here from England a few days ago, and sailed yesterday against the Algerians, he is determined to knock the town (Algiers) about their ears. I am afraid he is taking the Bull by the Horns, for the place is extreamly strong, having upwards of twelve hundred pieces of cannon mounted and surrounded by an enormus wall. Lord E's fleet consists of seven sail of the line and eleven frigates and smaller craft; the Dutch fleet consisting of five large frigates has also jioned him, there are a thousand Marines on board , part of a troop of Rockets, and a Company of Sapers and Miners , under Major Gospel of the Engineers. The Artillery offered their services, but his Lordship declined accepting them on the score of de***** the force & portion of prize money in care of .

I cannot find the postage to Gibraltar from America, as we have no Post Office here; all letters are made up at the Secretary's Office; and we pay no postage for any letter going or coming, which accounts for your letters not reaching us, as this postage must be paid by some person in England, otherwise the letter lay in the General Post Office.

Your Affet. Brother,
DH Straton.

During the Napoleonic Wars, out of necessity Britain had cooperated with the Barbary states to ensure the supply of resources to Gibraltar and the British Navy in the Mediterranean. At the end of the war, when in a position to do so, Britain exerted enormous pressure on those states to end their piracy and their enslavement of Christians. The Deys of Tunis and Tripoli bowed to the pressure, but the Dey of Algiers was more reluctant. When, perhaps as the result of a misunderstanding, Mediterranean fishermen under British protection were massacred by Algerian forces, Europe was outraged and Britain acted decisively. A modest British fleet attacked and severely damaged the port of Algiers in a battle which raged into the night until, at a point, the British fleet weighed anchor and sailed out of range of the Algerian defences. A letter was sent to the Dey explaining that the destruction of the harbour had been a display of British capabilities, that Britain held the Bey personally responsible, that he would have no peace with Britain unless he capitulated and furthermore that unless he capitulated immediately Britain would turn her forces against his city and his subjects. Some 3,000 Christian slaves were released as a result but the Dey soon replaced them with non-Christian Europeans, Jews and Africans, and the wider slave trade in Algeria continued until its colonization by France in 1830. During their heyday from the 16th to the 18th centuries Barbary slavers may have captured over a million people from as far north as Iceland, the Middle East, sub-Saharan and Western Africa, and even seafarers from the United States.

Rockets were used effectively during the Napoleonic Wars.

Lt. ANDREW PHAIR b. Co. Cork, Ireland ca. 1757, d. Fredericton, York Co., NB 9 NOV 1824 age 67 years, buried Old Burying Ground, Fredericton, Fredericton Parish, York Co., NB, m. NY 11 MAY 1782 MARGARET BARRY (b. ca. 1754 (ca, 1763), d. Fredericton, York Co., NB 27 JUL 1833 age 79 years; possibly m. 1st Lt. William Phair).
In 1802, Andrew Phair was granted administration of the estate of John Carnes, in Fredericton. He was also granted, in the same year, administration of the estate of Thomas Staples and of Isaac Hedden. This suggests that Andrew was a solicitor or public official.
His daughter, Isabella S. Phair, m. 9 SEP 1809 Lt. John M. Stratton of the Royal Artillery. A possible son was William B. Phair, at the time in the 104th New Brunswick Fencible Regiment of Foot, who m. Fredericton, 5 AUG 1816 Rebecca Hanney, d/o Andrew Rainsford. Andrew Rainsford was Assistant Barrack Master General and Andrew Phair was Barrack Master General, so the relationship ins implied. Andrew was likely married twice as a step-daughter, Sarah Barry, d. SEP 1821. Andrew Phair d. 9 NOV 1824 age 67 years. He was also Post Master for Fredericton.
Andrew is considered to have been a Loyalist in the American Revolution serving with Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold in the Loyal American Legion.


Price: £500.00
1843 entire IRELAND to 'The Earle of Haddington, First Lord of the Admiralty'

1843 (April) entire from IRELAND to 'The Earle of Haddington, First Lord of the Admiralty, London' regarding the death of seaman serving on HMS Herald, China - involved in the First Anglo-Chinese War. Mrs C. Burns requesting details of a will made by 'John Dumphey alias Murphy .. in the Military Hospital of Macoa in China and duly attested by Surgeon Allen and Mr Diamond'.

[John Dumphey, aged 44, Able Seaman belonged to HMS Herald; taken ill in Canton River; sick or hurt, intermittent fever quotidien; put on sick list 30 Aug. 1841, died 25 Oct. 1841]

Including written response drafted inside from The Earl. The original entire was from the Navy (Office of Inspectors of Seaman's Wills) dated Jan. 1843. [For margined SG8 1d. tied by very fine Cootehill Maltese Cross] The First Sino British War, or Opium War. HMS Herald was paid off at Chatham in May 1842. Ref: 313-152.


Price: £500.00